Makkhi Period – 13years

The history of the mission of the Prophet pbuh at Makkah can be divided into four stages.The first stage began with his appointment as a Messenger and ended with the proclamation of Prophethood three years later. During this period the Message was given secretly to some selected persons only, but the common people of Makkah were not aware of it.The second stage lasted for two years after the proclamation of his Prophethood. It began with opposition by individuals: then by and by, it took the shape of antagonism, ridicule, derision,, accusation, abuse, and false propaganda then gangs were formed to persecute those Muslims who were comparatively poor, weak and helpless.The third stage lasted for about five years from the beginning of the persecution to the death of Abu Talib and Khadijah RA in the tenth year of Prophethood. During this period, the persecution of the Muslims became so savage and brutal that many of them were forced to migrate to Habash. Social and economic boycott was applied against the Prophet pbuh and the members of his family, and those Muslims who continued to stay in Makkah were forced to take refuge in Shi’b-i-A’bi Talib which was besieged.The fourth stage lasted for about three years from the tenth to the thirteenth year of Prophethood. This was a period of hard trials and grievous sufferings for the Prophet pbuh and his followers. Life had become unendurable at Makkah and there appeared to be no place of refuge even outside it. So much so that when the Prophet pbuh went to Ta’if, it offered no shelter or protection. Besides this, on the occasion of Haj, he would appeal to each and every Arab clan to accept his invitation to Islam but met with blank refusal from every quarter. At the same time, the people of Makkah were holding counsels to get rid of him by killing or imprisoning or banishing him from their city. It was at that most critical time that Allah opened for Islam the hearts of the of Yathrab where he migrated at the invitation of Ansar. On the 13 year of Prophethood, Prophet pbuh migrated to Madina with Abu Bakr RA.

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