“Indeed, We have made it an Arabic Qur’an that you might understand”. (Qur’an, 43:3)
The Almighty God selected Arabic to be the language of the Qur’an from amongst all the languages of the world. Arabic is the language of the Qur’an, Arabic is usually ranked among the top six of the world’s major languages. Any nations intellectual level can be determined by their language, interpretation and expression. Even though, Arabic is very rich, comprehensive and living language.The translation of the Qur’an is impossible in any other language. However, learning Arabic is not obligatory in Islam and not the criteria to be recognised as Muslim. Those who wants to learn, understand and get the insight from the Qur’an, doesn’t need to be fluent in Arabic. The Qur’an is translated in many different languages. They can take help from the translations and exegesis (tafaseer). It’s is very simple and eloquent speech of God was revealed to the last messenger of God. If we spend more time with it then will get more understanding of it. It depends on our interest and pleasure to learn the Qur’an.
The translation of any language only gives away knowledge and meaning with limited perspective, it doesn’t carry the sweetness and the charm of that particular language. Same with Qur’an if we invest extra time and energy then will be able to learn its original text because only the original language can portray the true essence as well as expand human intellectual horizons because the divine words of wisdom sharpen our mind to comprehend the truth. Nonetheless, learning Arabic is about going that extra mile for the love and sake of God, it really helps in appreciating the true beauty and grace of God’s Message. Qur’an contains hidden and subtle treasure of knowledge, withdrawing wisdom and guidanceies inthe sight of the reader.
Brief points to be noted:
▪There are 86 Makki Surahs (chapters) and 28 Madani Surahs (chapters) total 114 chapter (Surah).
▪ The surahs revealed before migration to Madina are called Makki Surah.
▪ Makki Surah consists the belief of Oneness of Allah (Tawheed), Hereafter (the day of judgment), Revelation (Qur’an).
▪ Makki Surah are the fundamental teachings of Qur’an. One can build a close relations with this beliefs.
▪ The Surah which were revealed after the migration to Madina are called Madani Surah.
▪ Madani Suraha were mainly focusing on the formation of New Islamic Society.
▪ In Madani Surah there is more emphasises on the society. As it is the reflection of the ruler. That’s the reason the divine law was implemented as soon as it was revealed. Indeed it was completely a exemplary society.
It’s essential to develope the personal rapport with the Qur’an and Do read and try to percieve the Qur’an with its original text (mattan) then take help of commentary or explanation for the particular verse. That’s the best way to understand Qur’an. There are many interpretation of the Qur’an are available of great scholars, need to verify the validity and authenticity of it. As the Qur’an is the ocean of knowledge, one receives the more gems of it when one goes deeper and deeper in it. Understanding the Qur’an is a great blessing. It will increase our love and respect for God’s divine book. But it cannot be attained without taking the first step that’s “Learning Arabic”.
“And We have certainly made the Qur’an easy for remembrance, so is there any who will remember” ? (Qur’an 54 : 17)
In sha Allah, the reader of the Qur’an will earn a great reward for every single word he/she reads as stated in the below Hadith.
“Whoever reads a letter from the Book of Allah, he will have a reward, and this reward will be multiplied by ten. I am not saying that ‘Alif, Lam, Meem’ (a combination of letters frequently mentioned in the Holy Quran) is a letter, rather I am saying that ‘Alif’ is a letter, ‘Lam’ is a letter and ‘Meem’ is a letter”. [Source : Tirmithi]