Qualities of Righteous person (Muttaqin)
“Righteousness is not that you turn your faces toward the east or the west, but [true] righteousness is [in] one who believes in Allah, the Last Day, the angels, the Book, and the prophets and gives wealth, in spite of love for it, to relatives, orphans, the needy, the traveler, those who ask [for help], and for freeing slaves; [and who] establishes prayer and gives zakah; [those who] fulfill their promise when they promise; and [those who] are patient in poverty and hardship and during battle. Those are the ones who have been true, and it is those who are the righteous (Muttaqin).” ( Quran 2 : 177)
In the above verse, God has shown the benchmark of righteous people. Before all deeds, faith comes first that’s the reason Belief in God and not joining partners with Him is the first requirement for any good deed to be accepted by God on the day of Judgement. Disbelief in God or joining partners is the biggest bad deed one can do, the person will be loser on the day of judgment despite having plenty of good deeds so faith is the first criteria for the deeds to be accepted.Those who wants to attain piety, has to qualify himself for this standard. This verse manifest the true concept of righteousness/ piety.Turning one’s face towards the east or the west is just a analogy.
The actual purpose of the verse is to emphasize that the observance of certain outward religious rites, the performance of certain formal religious acts out of conformism, and the manifestation of certain familiar forms of piety do not constitute that essential righteousness which alone carries weight with God and earns His recognition and approval. With that those who wants to obtain the level of piety should spend their wealth generously which is prescribed by God, remain patient and steadfast in all circumstance and in the battle of truth and falshood.Then God says they are true Muttaqeen (righteous).
Honest self-evaluation is one of the best way to know where we are lacking so that we can improve ourselves in a better way. Let’s be realistic and plan accordingly. We know our ups and down, our caliber and shortcomings.
Umar ibn al-Khattab, in one of his famous sayings said “Judge yourselves before you are judged, evaluate yourselves before you are evaluated and be ready for the greatest investigation (the Day of Judgement)”.
God has clearly mentioned that a person who intends (only) for worldly benefits, He grants him some thereof, but there is nothing for him in the Afterlife. So all are deeds must be done with proper intention and belief. We should not work just for this temporary life, but for both this life and the Afterlife. If person succeeded in achieving that goal, Indeed he is true winner for that we have to work constantly hard till our last breath. All thanks to the Almighty God for allowing us to witness one more Ramdaan to rectify our affairs, trying to become the righteous person which is the actual purpose of Ramdaan.
“The World is three days: As for yesterday, it has vanished, along with all that was in it. As for tomorrow, you may never see it. As for today, it is yours, so work in it.” (Hassan al-Basri).