“And when My servants ask you, [O Muhammad], concerning Me – indeed I am near. I respond to the invocation of the supplicant when he calls upon Me. So let them respond to Me [by obedience] and believe in Me that they may be [rightly] guided”. (Quran 2 : 186)
The literal meaning of the Arabic term Wazifah means to employ, to hire, to put on the payroll like in Umar Farooq RA begun the Wazifa for new born babies and old age people. But for some reason, in the Urdu language the term wazifah is meant to imply some verses or phrases which one recites seeking a specific favor from Allah with certain number of counting. Expecting and desiring the fulfilment of wishes from Allah. The self invented wazifa have been prevalent across the Asian subcontinent for several years. (Wazifa for marriage, money, job, house, family matter, children and personal desire.. etc). If we can achieve everything from wazifa then Prophet Muhammad pbuh would have never struggled in his life but he strived and made dua to Allah and relied only on Allah. The Prophet pbuh never resorted to wazifa as a solution for troubles and problems.
If by wazifah one means to recite the Surahs, verses, phrases of supplications or glorifications which have been recommended and practiced by the Messenger of Allah pbuh in his authentic and established Sunnah; then obviously such recitations would be extremely beneficial and encouraged in Islam. For instance, Prophet Muhammad pbuh adviced us to recite Surah Khaf on friday it will safeguard against Dajjal.
But if by wazifah one means to imply the self-invented recitations, and the times of these recitations, or the self-proclaimed rewards or merits one may get if they follow the self-invented and stated procedures, etc. while Allah and His Messenger pbuh have never recommended such rites then without any doubt, all such self-invented wazifahs would constitute manifest and clear bida or innovations! Every single innovation in the pure and perfect deen of Islam is an error and a sin in the Sight of Allah and the believers who sincerely fear Allah and the Last Day must strive to abstain from following any innovation in the pure and perfect deen of Islam.
Aisha narrated that the Messenger of Allah pbuh said: If somebody innovates something which is not present in our religion, then that thing will be rejected. (Bukhari)
The Prophet of Allah pbuh said: If anyone introduces an innovation (in religion), he will be responsible for it.If anyone introduces an innovation or gives shelter to a man who introduces an innovation (in religion), he is cursed by Allah, by His Angels, and by all the people. (Sunan of Abu-Dawood)
That the Prophet of Allah pbuh said in a sermon: “The best speech is that which is embodied in the Book of Allah, the Al Quran; and the best guidance is the guidance given by me, Mohamed pbuh. The most evil affairs are the innovations, and every innovation is an error”. (Sahih Muslim)
If one trusts, obeys, and follows the guidance and commands of Allah and His Messenger pbuh, one can be assured of never ever being misled; but if one believes, obeys and follows any other guidance, other than that of Allah and His Messenger pbuh one can be assured of being led astray. Hence, we should sincerely make a lot of dua to get Allah’s blessing and favour rather than following the blind way which is not adviced. Allah loves the tears of his servants when they supplicate to him. Abu Bakr Radhi Allahu Anhu used to say : “Cry! If you cannot cry then adopt the appearance of a crying person.” (Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah)
Allah says ; “.. and We are closer to him than (his) jugular vein.” (Quran 50:16)
“O Allah, don’t misguide us after you have guided us”. May Allah save us all from misguidance. Ameen.