In Islam, Muslim doctrine is often summarized in “Six Articles of Faith.” These are the fundamental beliefs which every Muslim must ascribe to:
1. One God
2. The angels of God
3. The books of God, especially the Qur’an
4. The prophets of God,
5. The Day of Judgment (or the afterlife)
6. The supremacy of God’s will (or predestination)
Destiny (Qadar) is one of the articles of faith in Islam. In literlly it means evaluation or assessment ..Indeed, all things We created with predestination. (Quran 54: 49) But destiny could change with Dua as dua is the weapon of the believer one may ask how when everything is written how can it can change. Destiny is a final outcome which has been set by God. For instance, the sun is destined to burn for a specified term. The orbits have been set for the earth to rotate for a definite period of time. They all are obliged to praise only God, However in the case of human beings it is different as they have been given Free-will and Free-choice to act by it. Human will be rewarded in the hereafter as per their deeds which he /she earned in the form of action in the world through his/her choice and will. Mans destiny is formed from his own choice. So whatever you do in the world, you may be able to and that will become your destiny which was known to God even before you were existing. It is misunderstood that “what is written will happen”, but it actually means that “whatever shall happen, is already written”. It is to manifest the greatness of God that he knows what you will be doing and he has destined for you only that what you chose for in life. As God is all-knowing and all wise.
God says that “And you do not will except that Allah wills – Lord of the worlds. “(Qur’an 81: 29 )
There are two different terms one is قضا God’s decree (written) and another is قدر God’s destiny (choose) That God gave us free will and free choice —the ability to think, reason and make our own choices. For example e.g we are free to choose here in this world if you want to believe in God, Angel, Book, Messenger, Judgment day, or Destiny these are all depend on our choice and will in this world. That’s the reason it is all article of faith. However the ultimate or the highest authority is only of God and God dignifies us with free will, the power to make decisions without being controlled by fate so that humans will use it, which will be their trial. what would one do if he/she is diagnosed with cancer?” It is entirely God’s plan but you can change it with your given choice. He/she can concern or can take any one of the best Doctor to save himself /herself from such trauma and trust in God.
Just as if person spoil his digestive system by eating unhealthy diet and now to get recovered if he consumes high protin food while suffering from weak digestive system.. will it work ? If he complains that in spite of havig high fibre of food but not getting recovered. He has to take care initially that to safe guard ourselves, should have followed God’s plan which could have saved us from such trials. Only and solely belief in God’s destiny can make us strong and steadfast and one can face the challenges of life with trust and supplication can change our destiny. Even if we have committed wrong then immediately repent to God just as when Adam AS had that fruit of tree which God had warned about eating the forbidden fruit and not to go near it but he Prophet Adam AS forgotthe commands of Allah but instantly repent to God by making dua which is in quran “Our Lord! We have wronged ourselves. If You forgive us not, and bestow not upon us Your Mercy, we shall certainly be of the losers.”(Al-Araf The Heights 7: 23) then God forgave him but Satan didn’t. So dua can change our destiny.
Allah eliminates what He wills or confirms, and with Him is the Mother of the Book (Quran 13:39)
Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas RA says that ‘Umar ibn Khattab set out for Syria. When he got as far as ‘Sargh’, the commanders of the army, Abu ‘Ubaydah ibn Jarrah and his companions met ‘Umar RA and told him that a plague had broken out in Syria.
Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas said, ‘Umar RA said to me, ‘Call the early Muhajirun for me,’ I called them, sought their consultation and informed them that a plague had broken out in Syria.
They disagreed. Some of them said, ‘You have set out on a matter and we do not think that you should retreat from it.’ Others said, ‘You have the rest of the people as well as the Companions of Prophet pbuh, and we do not think that you should expose them to this plague.’
‘Umar RA then said, ‘Go away.’ : Then he said, ‘Call the Ansar for me,’ and I called them and he consulted them. They behaved as the Muhajirun had done and disagreed as they had disagreed.
He said, ‘Go away.’ : Then he said, ‘Call those who are here of the elders of Quraysh who emigrated the year of the Conquest of Makkah.’ So I called them, and none among them disagreed about it. They said, ‘We think that you should return with the people and not expose them to this plague.’
So ‘Umar RA made an announcement among the people: ‘I am returning in the morning, so return as well.’
Abu ‘Ubaydah ibn Jarrah RA said, ‘Are you fleeing from the decree of Allah?’ ‘Umar said, ‘If only someone other than you had said that, Abu ‘Ubaydah!’
Yes, ‘we are fleeing from the decree of Allah (قضا )to the decree of Allah‘(قدر ). Do you think that if you had camels and they went down into a valley which had two sides, one of which was fertile and the other barren. Is it not that if you grazed them on the fertile side, then that grazing would be by the decree of Allah, and if you grazed them on the barren side, then that grazing would also be by the decree of Allah?’
‘Abdur Rahman ibn ‘Awf RA -who had been absent on some errand- then came and said, ‘I have some knowledge regarding this issue. I heard Messenger pbuh say,
“When you hear that [a plague] is in a land, do not go to it and if it occurs in a land that you are already in, then do not leave it, fleeing from it.’”
‘Umar RA praised Allah [due to him making the correct decision] and then left.”
(Sahih Bukhari, Hadith: 5729 and Sahih Muslim, Hadith: 2219)
Allah’s knowledge is complete and perfect. It comprehends the past, present and future and always corresponds to reality. Allah says: “Does He not know what He has created, and He is the Most Kind, the All-Aware.” [Sūrah al-Mulk: 14]
Glorified is God, The Most Just, The Most Wise.