God, the exalted, the Glorified, and His all actions are based on His marvelous Wisdom. Therefore, all creatures have been created and designed according to God’s divine Plan. He has bestowed them the best shape and form that they deserve and endowe’d them with the innovative mode of faculty as per their requirements. Quran say that Satan is a Jinn, not an Angel (fallen angel). Satan was created from smokeless fire. Though he was not an angel, he was present amongst them in the Heaven praising and glorifying to Allah (God). However, most probably, he used to stay with the Angels (maybe because of his extreme piety). According to Islam, Angels are infallibile, they have no free will, and they don’t do anything other than obeying their Lord.
So, When Allah created Prophet Adam (peace be upon him), and commanded the Angels to Prostrate (in respect) to His Creation, Adam AS, the Angels obeyed God at once, but the Satan denied because of his arrogance.. Saying, “I am better than him [Adam], You created me from fire, and created him from clay.” (Qur’an 7:12) Because of his pride, he disobeyed the command of Allah. Thus God shunned him and gave him respite from punishment, till the Day of Judgement. This was because Satan himself asked for respite so that he can misguide Adam AS and His Progeny (Mankind) till the Day of Judgement comes. Thus, Satan is our biggest enemy with his sole purpose being to misguide us from God’s Straight Path, and to take as many of us into the Hell with him, as he can.
“The angels are created from light, just as the jinn are created from smokeless fire and mankind is created from what you have been told about.’” [Muslim].
We created man from an extract of clay. (Qur’an, 23:12)
Allah has declared the purpose of His creation that: “And (Allah) I did not create the jinn and mankind except to worship Me”. (Qur’an 51:56)
The fact that Iblis is not one of the angels, the devils (Satan) naturally belong to the jinn creatures; they are the rebellious and fallen Jinn means that he is not compelled to obey Allah. He has freedom of will just as we humans do. Allah says (interpretation of the meaning): “Verily, We showed him (Satan and Human) the way, whether he be grateful or ungrateful.” [76:3]
The Prophet said, “Verily, Satan flows through the human being like blood.”
The Prophet (may Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him) says: “There is no one among you but he has with him a constant companion (qareen) from among the jinn and a constant companion from among the angels.” They said, “You too, O Messenger of Allah?” He said, “Me too, but Allah has helped me against him (the devil-companion) and he has become Muslim.(Bukhari)
Allah (the Exalted be He) has described in the Qur’an that the Jinn listened to the Qur’an from the Prophet (peace be upon him). At the end of Surah Al-Ahqaf, He related the account of the jinn who listened to the Qur’an when recited by the Prophet (may Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him). Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) also says: And (remember) when We sent towards you (Muhammad pbuh) a group (three to ten persons) of the jinn, (quietly) listening to the Qur’ân. When they stood in the presence thereof, they said: “Listen in silence!” And when it was finished, they returned to their people, as warners. They said: “O our people! Verily, we have heard a Book i.e Qur’an sent down after Moses confirming what came before it: it guides to the truth and to the Straight Path.
- I will surely fill Hell with jinn and men all together. [Quran 11:119].
- And We have certainly created for Hell many of the jinn and mankind.[Quran 7:179]
Satan has freedom of will just as we humans do that’s why they both will go to either paradise or Hell. “The wise person is he who studies his enemies’ strategies and takes the precautions and measures to defeat them. Your Lord has warned,
“Indeed Satan is an enemy to you, so take him as an enemy…”(Qur’an 35:6)
May God Protect us and Guide us.